The differences in quality can be really big when it comes to coconut oil, so how do you know which coconut oil is good for you and which one you should stay away from?
I believe in always doing your research – not just with coconut oil, but with everything you put in or on your body.
Read what’s in a product and where and how it’s made.
Today I am going to dive into the world of coconut oil labels and explain about the different types of coconut oil, their processing methods, names and marketing claims.
Let’s start with the two main categories: virgin and refined coconut oil.
Virgin coconut oil
Coconut oil made from fresh coconut meat.
It has the characteristic coconut taste and smell.
This is the highest quality, most natural kind of coconut oil.
You can use it internally and externally, such as for skin and hair treatments, as well as for oil pulling.
This coconut oil is also known as unrefined coconut oil and can be made in different ways, which results in distinct flavors and nutritional values.
Refined coconut oil
Coconut oil made from dried coconut meat known as copra.
It has neutral taste and smell.
The quality varies a lot, depending on a) the type of coconuts that were used and b) the way of processing the oil.
Make sure to always buy organic refined coconut oil from a brand you trust.
The good: a high quality, organic refined coconut oil made from good coconuts and that hasn’t been altered with chemicals, is alright to use.
It is more resistant to heat than virgin coconut oil, so it’s suitable for high-temperature cooking and it has a neutral flavor, which makes it very versatile to cook with.
The bad: Many refined coconut oils are made from old, rotten, moldy coconuts. In order to get rid of all that dirt and make it look clean, they go through a lot of processing with harsh chemicals. This stuff is downright bad for you and bad for the environment.
The ugly: there aren’t currently any international quality regulations when it comes to coconut oil and anyone can basically put whichever claim they want on their label.
Producers of bad quality coconut oil don’t mention what’s in it and how it’s been made, because who would buy it then?
Make sure to research the producer’s website, contact them with questions if you can’t find the answers and know your basics.
In my article about how to choose the best refined coconut oil I explain what color and texture of coconut oil can tell you about the quality, as well as the price. (If it seems too good to be true, it probably is..)
Unrefined coconut oil
A different name for virgin coconut oil.
Extra virgin coconut oil
Virgin coconut oil.
Virgin and extra-virgin are names used in the olive oil industry based on regulations related to extraction method and acidity levels of the oil. There is a lot of difference between the two types of olive oil.
These regulations don’t apply to coconut oil, yet the name extra virgin is often used for marketing purposes to indicate superior quality.
Some brands use it to describe what they call the first pressing of coconut oil.
Short for virgin coconut oil.
Short for extra virgin coconut oil.
Cold-pressed coconut oil
Virgin coconut oil made from grated fresh coconut meat, which is pressed in a carefully controlled heat environment, not exceeding 49° C / 120° F.
Cold pressing is often done manually and results in smaller batches of coconut oil production.
This oil is more nutritious and of better quality than expeller pressed coconut oil.
The taste differs depending on pressure and temperature.
Mild flavors are the result of lower temperatures and more delicate processing.
The more pronounced ‘’toasted’’ oils result from a combination of high heat and low moisture.
I wrote an article about how they make cold-pressed virgin coconut oil in Bali with photos of the whole process.
Centrifuged coconut oil
Virgin coconut oil made from fresh coconut meat pressed into a coconut cream in a machine that is cooled with chilled water.
Centrifugation then concentrates the cream by separating the water and proteins.
This coconut oil has a very mild, light taste.
It’s considered to be the most superior quality of coconut oil in the world, due to its gentle way of processing, resulting in maximum nutritional value.
Raw coconut oil
Virgin coconut oil that can be produced in different ways, but never exceeding temperatures of 45° C / 113° F.
Expeller pressed virgin coconut oil
Virgin coconut oil made from fresh coconut meat that is pressed in mechanical expeller presses.
It’s less nutritious than cold-pressed virgin coconut oil, but it enables the production of larger quantities of coconut oil in a shorter period of time.
Organic coconut oil
Virgin or refined coconut oil made from coconuts that are grown and processed organically, without the use of synthetic chemicals, fertilizers, insecticides etc.
Organic is especially important to look out for when buying refined coconut oil.
Virgin coconut oil is usually made without using chemicals, but refined coconut oil needs a lot of purification, which can be done using natural methods or with chemicals.
Whole kernel coconut oil
Coconut oil made from the whole coconut including the thin brown peel.
This type of coconut oil has a slightly nuttier taste.
RBD coconut oil
Refined coconut oil that has been purified by refining, bleaching and deodorizing it.
This can be done with or without chemicals. Bleaching for example can be done through a filter process using clay and deodorizing can be done with steam.
Unless it’s specified how it’s been done, all we know is that it’s refined coconut oil.
Expeller pressed refined coconut oil
Refined coconut oil made from dried coconut meat that is pressed in mechanical expeller presses with temperatures of typically around 99° C / 210° F.
After the pressing the oil is filtered to get any possible dirt out.
Generally chemicals are not used to produce this type of coconut oil, which means it should also be labeled as organically produced.
This is a good quality refined coconut oil.
Non-GMO coconut oil
Currently and up until now coconuts have always been natural and not genetically modified.
This makes all coconut oil non-GMO by definition.
With products such as corn or soy that are often GMO, it is essential to mention that it’s GMO or non-GMO.
In the case of coconut oil, it’s a given..
Pure coconut oil
This one is very open for interpretation and that’s not good, because then it can be anything really.
No chemicals? Hasn’t been mixed with other oils or ingredients?
Unless specified, it’s not clear whether this oil is refined, unrefined, how it has been produced etc.
If a label only says pure coconut oil, it’s usually not an indication of a high quality coconut oil.
Liquid coconut oil
An altered type of coconut oil that has had the Lauric acid (one of the main fatty acids) removed, which results in an oil that always stays liquid, even when refrigerated.
Natural coconut oil is very adaptive to temperatures. It has a melting point of 24° C / 76° F when it becomes liquid and transparent (or yellow if it’s refined).
When the temperatures go down, it becomes solid.
Removing the Lauric acid from coconut oil is not an easy process and most of the times chemicals are needed for this.
From a health point of view it’s important to know that Lauric acid is what makes coconut oil the most heat-stable oil in the world. The other fatty acids by themselves are not resistant to high temperatures. This results in the product liquid coconut oil being very sensitive to oxidation and not healthy to cook with.
In the beauty industry it is known as fractionated coconut oil, which is often used as carrier oil to mix with other ingredients.
See fractionated coconut oil.
Coconut oil cooking spray
Coconut oil in a spray bottle mixed with a whole list of ingredients to help the oil get out of the container such as:
1. Propellants, which are derived from both mineral and natural gases.
2. Dimemythlpolysiloxane, also known as Aspolydimethylsiloxane a chemical that’s often used in cosmetics.
Naturalpedia describes it as ”a toxic industrial chemical that is partially derived from silicone.”
These are not ingredients that should be in your body.
And while spraying your oil might seem convenient, it’s really not worth risking your health for.
More about why it’s best not to use coconut oil cooking spray and how to apply virgin coconut oil as anti-stick instead, can be found here.
Fractionated coconut oil
A type of coconut oil used in the beauty industry that has been altered to always stay liquid by removing one of its main components Lauric acid.
It has less health benefits than natural coconut oil and depending on how it’s been produced (which unfortunately is mostly not clear) it’s often the result of chemical processing.
It is mostly used because of practical reasons as it mixes easier with other ingredients and always stays liquid unlike natural coconut oil which becomes solid in cold temperatures.
Fractionated coconut oil is basically the same product as liquid coconut oil. It’s marketed as a cooking oil, which -unfortunately not mentioned on the label- is very sensitive to oxidation.
See also liquid coconut oil.
Hydrogenated coconut oil
This oil isn’t sold as a product by itself but you can find it on the ingredients list of some junk food.
Hydrogenated coconut oil is the result of chemically altering the unsaturated fats in coconut oil. It is used as a cheap way to avoid a (food) product from melting or changing consistency.
It creates dangerous trans fats – not something you want to put in your body.
You probably won’t ever find a consumer coconut oil brand labeled as hydrogenated coconut oil, but there are some coconut oil brands who mention their oil is non-hydrogenated to emphasize that it doesn’t contain trans fats.
Non-hydrogenated coconut oil
See hydrogenated coconut oil.
Fair trade coconut oil
Coconut oil that has been produced according to the ‘’Fair for Life’’ concept that guarantees fair pay, safe working conditions and community projects for the people involved with the production.
Cruelty-free coconut oil
Coconut oil is vegan and not tested on animals.
Unfortunately some coconut producers use chained monkeys instead of humans to pick coconuts. Monkeys work much faster and they cost much less.
Luckily there is increased attention to this deeply saddening, unethical practise.
All products should be cruelty-free by default. Please make it your priority to support cruelty-free brands.
That’s it! I think I’ve covered pretty much everything, but let me know if you think of another coconut oil name that you think should be mentioned here.
I hope this article with all the coconut oil terminology made things clearer for you and gave you a better idea of which coconut oil is good for you and which is best avoided.